click on PDF or open access links for papers

2019/ In press  

  • Wheatley, T., Boncz, A., Toni, I., & Stolk, A. (2019). Beyond the isolated brain: The promise and challenge of interacting minds. Neuron, 103, 186-188. PDF

  • Sievers, B., Lee, C., Haslett, W., & Wheatley, T. (2019). A multi-sensory code for emotional arousal. Proceedings of the Royal Society B., 286, 20190513. PDF

  • Wheatley, T. & Boncz, A. (in press). Interpersonal neuroscience. In M. Gazzaniga, G. R. Mangun and D. Poeppel (Eds). The Cognitive Neurosciences. MIT Press.

  • Symes, L. & Wheatley, T. (2019). Random isn’t real: How the patchy distribution of ecological rewards may generate incentive hope. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 42, e53.

  • Parkinson, C., Wheatley, T. & Kleinbaum, A. (in press). The neuroscience of social networks. In R. Light and J. Moody (Eds). Oxford Handbook of Social Network Analysis. Oxford University Press.


  • Levari, D. E., Gilbert, D.T., Wilson, T.D., Sievers, B., Amodio, D.M. & Wheatley, T. (2018). Prevalence-induced concept change in human judgment. Science, 360, 1465-1467. PDF

  • Parkinson, C., Kleinbaum, A., & Wheatley, T. (2018). Similar neural responses predict friendship. Nature Communications, 9, 332. Open access.

  • Sievers, B. et al. (2018). Visual and auditory brain areas share a neural code for perceived emotion. Open access preprint.

  • Wheatley, T. (2018). Preface to the new edition. Wegner, D. Illusion of Conscious Will, 2nd Ed. Cambridge: MIT Press.

  • Jack, R., Crivelli, C., & Wheatley, T. (2018). Using data-driven methods to diversify knowledge of human psychology, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 22, 1-5. Open access.


  • Sievers, B., Lee, C., Haslett, W., & Wheatley (2017). A multi-sensory code for emotional arousal. Data, code, and materials. Open access preprint.

  • Sievers, B., Parkinson, C., Walker, T., Haslett, W., & Wheatley, T. (2017). Low-level percepts predict emotion concepts across modalities and cultures. Open access preprint.

  • Parkinson, C., Kleinbaum, A., & Wheatley, T. (2017). Spontaneous Neural Encoding of Social Network Position. Nature Human Behavior, 1, 1-7. PDF

  • Kang, O.E. & Wheatley, T. (2017). Pupil dilation patterns spontaneously synchronize across individuals during shared attention. JEP: General, 146, 569-576. PDF

  • Wheatley, T. (2017). What is Psychology? In D. Rockmore (Ed). What Is the Arts and Sciences? University Press-New England, p 286-296.

  • Wheatley, T. (2017). Biology versus choice. In J. Brockman (Ed.) Know this: Today's most interesting and important scientific ideas, discoveries, and developments. Harper Collins., p 269-270.


  • Parkinson, C., Walker, T., Memmi, S., & Wheatley T. (2016). Emotions are understood from biological motion across remote cultures. Emotion, 16, 459-477. PDF

  • Wheatley, T. (2016). Psychology and brain science are not zero-sum: Comment on Klein. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 3, 387-389. PDF

  • Zinszer, B.D., Anderson, A.J., Kang, O.E., Wheatley T., & Raizada, R. (2016). Semantic structural alignment of neural representational spaces enables translation between English and Chinese words. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 28, 1749–1759. PDF

  • Parkinson, C., & Wheatley, T. (2016). Reason for optimism: How a shifting focus on neural population codes is moving cognitive neuroscience beyond phrenology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. PDF

  • Wheatley, T. & Sievers, B. (2016). Toward a neuroscience of social resonance. In J. Greene, I. Morrison & M. Seligman (Eds.) Positive Neuroscience. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Alexander, R., Schlegel, A., Sinnott-Armstrong, W., Roskies, A.L., Wheatley, T. & Tse, P.U. (2016). Readiness potentials driven by non-motoric processes. Consciousness and Cognition, 39, 38-47. PDF


  • Kang, O., & Wheatley, T. (2015). Pupil dilation patterns reflect the contents of consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition, 35, 128-135. PDF

  • Parkinson, C., & Wheatley, T. (2015). The repurposed social brain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 19, 133-141. PDF

  • Decety, J. & Wheatley, T. (Eds). (2015). The moral brain: A multidisciplinary perspective. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  • Wheatley, T. (2015). Neuroscience vs. Phenomenology and the Implications for Justice. In J. Decety & T. Wheatley (Eds.) The moral brain: A multidisciplinary perspective. (pp. 267-278). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  • Alexander, P.,* Schlegel, A., Sinnott-Armstrong, W., Roskies, A., Tse, P.U., & Wheatley, T. (2015). Neural correlates of unconscious volition. In A. Mele (Ed.) Surrounding free will. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Schlegel, A.*, Alexander, P.*, Sinnott-Armstrong, W., Roskies, A., Tse, P.U., & Wheatley, T. (2015). Hypnotizing Libet: Readiness potentials with non-conscious volition. Consciousness and Cognition, 33, 196-203. (*shared first author), PDF


  • Christian, B.M.*, Parkinson, C.M*, Macrae, C.N., Miles, L.K., & Wheatley, T., (2014). When imagining yourself in pain, visual perspective matters: The neural and behavioral correlates of simulated sensory experiences. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. DOI: 10.1162/jocn_a_00754 (*shared first author) PDF

  • Powers, K., Worsham, A., Freeman, J., Wheatley, T., & Heatherton, T. (2014). Social connection modulates perceptions of animacy. Psychological Science. doi: 10.1177/0956797614547706 PDF

  • Kang, O., Huffer, K., & Wheatley, T. (2014). Pupil dilation dynamics track attention to high-level information. PLoS ONE. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0102463 PDF

  • Parkinson, C.M., Liu, S., & Wheatley, T. (2014). A common cortical metric for spatial, temporal and social distance. Journal of Neuroscience, 34, 1979-1987. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2159-13.2014 PDF

  • Parkinson, C.M., & Wheatley, T. (2014). Relating anatomical and social connectivity: White matter microstructure predicts emotional empathy. Cerebral Cortex, 24, 614–625. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhs347 PDF


  • Tse, P.U., Reavis, E.A., Kohler, P.J., Caplovitz, G.P., & Wheatley, T. (2013). How attention can alter appearances. In L. Albertazzi (Ed.). Handbook of Experimental Phenomenology: Visual perception of shape, space and appearance. Wiley-Blackwell. doi/10.1002/9781118329016.ch12

  • Parkinson, C.M. & Wheatley, T. (2013). Old cortex, new contexts: Re-purposing spatial perception for social cognition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 7:645. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00645. PDF

  • Reavis, E., Kohler, P.J., Caplovitz, G.P, Wheatley, T., & Tse, P.U. (2013). Effects of attention on visual experience in monocular rivalry. Vision Research, 83, 76-81. PDF

  • Schlegel, A., Alexander, P., Sinnott-Armstrong, W., Roskies, A., Tse, P.U., & Wheatley, T. (2013). Barking up the wrong free: Readiness potentials reflect processes independent of conscious will. Experimental Brain Research, 229, 329-335. doi: 10.1007/s00221-013-3479-3

  • Wheatley, T. (2013). The life of Dan Wegner: A meeting place for joy and intelligence. Scientific American.

  • Sievers, B., Polansky, L., Casey, M., & Wheatley, T. (2013). Music and movement share a dynamic structure that supports universal expressions of emotion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (direct submission), 110, 70-75. doi:10.1073/pnas.1209023110 PDF

  • Sinnott-Armstrong, W., & Wheatley, T. (2013). Are moral judgments unified? Philosophical Psychology. doi:10.1080/09515089.2012.736075


  • Looser, C.E., Guntupalli, J. S., & Wheatley, T. (2012). Multi-voxel patterns in face-sensitive temporal regions reveal an encoding schema based on detecting life in a face. Social Cognitive Affective Neuroscience. doi: 10.1093/scan/nss07 PDF

  • Parkinson, C.M., Kohler, P. J., Sievers, B. R., & Wheatley, T. (2012). Associations between auditory pitch and visual elevation do not depend on language: Evidence from a remote population. Perception, 41, 854-861. doi:10.1068/p7225 PDF

  • Wheatley, T., Kang, O., Parkinson, C.M., & Looser, C.E. (2012). From mind perception to mental connection: Synchrony as a mechanism for social understanding. Social Psychology and Personality Compass, 6, 589-606. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-9004.2012.00450.x PDF

  • Sinnott-Armstrong, W., & Wheatley, T. (2012). The disunity of morality and why it matters to philosophy. The Monist, 95 (3), 355-377. doi: 10.5840/monist201295319 PDF

  • Casey, M., Thompson, J., Kang, O., Raizada, R., and Wheatley, T. (2012). Population codes representing musical timbre for high-level fMRI categorization of music genres. Machine Learning and Interpretation of Neuroimaging, Springer Lecture Notes on Artificial Intelligence (LNAI) - Survey of the State of The Art Series. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-34713-9_5 PDF


  • Wheatley, T., Weinberg, A., Looser, C. E., Moran, T., & Hajcak, G. (2011). Mind perception: Real but not artificial faces sustain neural activity beyond the N170/VPP. PLoS ONE, epub Mar 31, 2011. PDF

  • Parkinson, C.M., Sinnott-Armstrong, W., Koralus, P., Mendelovici, A., McGeer, V., & Wheatley, T. (2011). Is morality unified? Evidence that distinct neural systems underlie judgments of harm, dishonesty, and disgust. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 3162-3180. [*GSP Award, Cognitive Neuroscience Society, 2010]. PDF

  • Parkinson, C.M. & Wheatley, T. (2011). Intention. In V. S. Ramachandran (Editor-in-Chief), Encyclopedia of human behavior (2nd Edition). San Diego, CA: Elsevier.


  • Looser, C.E., & Wheatley, T. (2010). The tipping point of animacy: How, when, and where we perceive life in a face. Psychological Science, 21, 1854-1862 [Featured in "News of the Week", Science, 331,19]. PDF

  • Heatherton, T. & Wheatley, T. (2010). Social neuroscience. In R. Baumeister, E. Finkel (Eds.) Advanced Social Psychology: The State of the Science, 575-612.

  • Wheatley, T. & Looser, C. (2010). Prospective codes fulfilled: A potential neural mechanism of will. In W. Sinnott-Armstrong & L. Nadel (Eds.) Conscious Will and Responsibility: A Tribute to Benjamin Libet. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381641.003.0014


  • Wheatley, T. & Martin, A. (2009). Neuroscience of social interaction. In Kaplan & Sadock (Eds.) Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry, Ninth Ed., 1, 345-353.

  • Wheatley, T. (2009). Everyday confabulation. In B. Hirstein (Ed.) Confabulation: Views from neuroscience, psychiatry, psychology, and philosophy (pp 205-225). Oxford University Press.

  • Wheatley, T., Milleville, S., & Martin, A. (2007). Understanding animate agents: Distinct roles for the ‘social network’ and ‘mirror system’. Psychological Science, 18, 469-474. [Featured in "Editor's Choice", Science, 316, 1255]. PDF

  • Luo, Q., Nakic, M., Wheatley, T., Richell, R., Martin, A., & Blair, R.J.R. (2006) The neural basis of implicit moral attitude: an IAT study using event-related fMRI. NeuroImage, 30, 1449-57. PDF

  • Wheatley, T., Weisberg, J., Beauchamp, M. S. & Martin, A. (2005) Automatic priming of semantically related words reduces activity in the fusiform gyrus. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17, 1871-1885. PDF

  • Wheatley, T., & Haidt, J. D. (2005). Hypnotic disgust makes moral judgments more severe. Psychological Science, 16, 780-784. PDF

Before 2005

  • Wilson, T. D., Wheatley, T., Kurtz, J., Dunn, E., & Gilbert, D. T. (2004) Ready to fire: Anticipatory versus post-event reconstrual of uncontrollable events. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 340-351. PDF

  • Gilbert, D. T., Pinel, E. C., Wilson, T. D., Blumberg, S. J., & Wheatley, T. (2002). Durability bias in affective forecasting. In Gilovich, T., Griffin, D., & Kahneman, D. (Eds.), Heuristics and biases: The psychology of intuitive judgment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Wheatley, T., & Wegner, D. M. (2001). Psychology of automaticity in action. In N. J. Smelser & P. B Baltes (Eds.), International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences. New York: Elsevier Science. PDF

  • Wilson, T. D., Wheatley, T., Meyers, J. M., Gilbert, D. T., & Axsom, D. (2000). Focalism: A Source of durability bias in affective forecasting. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 821-836. PDF

  • Hodges, S. D., Klaaren, K. J., & Wheatley, T. (2000). Talking about safe sex: The role of expectations and experience. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 30, 330-349. PDF

  • Wegner, D. M., & Wheatley, T. (1999). Apparent mental causation: Sources of the experience of will. American Psychologist, 54, 480-492. PDF

  • Gilbert, D.T., Pinel, E.C., Wilson, T.D., Blumberg, S.J., & Wheatley, T. (1998) Immune Neglect: A Source of the Durability Bias in Affective Forecasting. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 617-638. PDF

  • Wilson, T.D., Gilbert, D. T., & Wheatley, T. (1998). Protecting our minds: The role of lay beliefs. In V. Yzerbyt, G. Lorries, & B. Dardenne (Eds.), Metacognition, London: Sage.